the swedish foundation for strategic environmental research
supporting research of strategic importance for a
good living environment and sustainable development

Executive Director

Highlights 2015

Funded research

Five questions to the Chair of Mistra

Mistra in figures

Why sustainable investment?


Year 2015 at Mistra


Mistra in figures

Funds disbursed by Mistra: 0 million kronor

Total to Swedish
recipients, SEK m
Total to foreign
recipients, SEK m

Disbursements in SEK m, by recipient

Disbursements in SEK m to the five largest recipients

Five largest recipients
share of total funds

Avsnitt 1Åke IverfeldtMistra’s CEO
Åke Iverfeldt
on the past year Mistra’s mission is to help solve major, pressing environmental problems. We are also to contribute to a good living environment, help make Sweden more competitive and pursue industrial applications. So we are definitely contributing to the sustainable development of society. We are doing so by funding research of the highest international class. At the same time, we want to see the research undertaken feeding through into decision-making processes or applications in industry. We try to avoid investing in areas others are working in. We also need to be quick off the mark. That is something others perhaps want to be, too, but we have an organisational form which in fact enables us to move fast. We have a small secretariat, we do a lot of horizon scanning in collaboration with others and, with relatively little bureaucracy, we can take the plunge into new areas as they emerge. In 2015, the United Nations adopted its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in September, and in December the climate talks in Paris produced a very good agreement. Mistra and its researchers were fully or partly involved throughout both those processes – on climate and on the SDGs. In managing our assets, we have for a long time had an approach that has not just been sustainable, but profitable as well. To date, we have provided research funding of over SEK 3.7 billion, and we have SEK 3 billion of our capital left. So we are absolutely convinced that our asset management does deliver a good return, if it takes a longer-term view and is guided by sustainability criteria. Since we fund research with the aim of making society more sustainable, it is very important that the way we manage our capital does not destroy the resources society depends on, but builds them up. During the year we decided to issue a call for proposals on financial systems. We have seen from our own asset management what a slow, difficult process changing the financial system can be. A research programme in this area is therefore highly relevant. Finally, it is important to strengthen the overall impact of what we do, a challenge we began to address in earnest in 2015. We intend to work towards that, and to evaluate more clearly in future what impact we in fact have. Åke Iverfeldt,
Mistra’s CEO
Avsnitt 2 Januari: Mistra company bought to address future water issues Making water and wastewater management more sustainable is one of the major global challenges of the future. Februari: Mistra and Formas in major environmental humanities initiative Mistra and the Swedish Research Council Formas are funding an environmental humanities research programme, to be led by Linköping University. Mistra’s Executive Director helping to stake out a sustainable future Åke Iverfeldt is a member of the Secretariat for Strategic Development for the Future Mars: SEK 42 million for circular economy research programme One of the major challenges industry faces is that of decoupling growth from increased resource use. April: New call on sustainable plastics and competitiveness Plastics are both cheap and easy to make, and their uses almost unlimited. Mistra Urban Futures evaluates UN Sustainable Development Goal When the UN’s Millennium Goals to reduce world poverty expired in 2015, they were replaced with a set of global Sustainable Development Goals. Maj: International impetus for Swedish Arctic research Sweden is now well and truly part of the international policy and research arena on the future of the Arctic. Juni: SEK 80 million for research on fashion and recycling In June, Mistra decided to invest in a second phase of the two programmes Mistra Future Fashion and Mistra Closing the Loop. New round of funding for environmental innovations Mistra Innovation has made available funding for five new projects to develop successful Juli: Tom Augusti: Case studies look at environmental impacts on a nanoscale Nanotechnology offers opportunities to develop everything from medicines to technologies to tackle the climate threat. Misum featured in report The Mistra Centre for Sustainable Markets – Misum – is playing a key part in efforts by the Stockholm School of Economics (SSE) September: Researchers networking abroad as Mistra Fellows The Mistra Fellows Programme has been set up to develop collaboration and enhance the exchange of knowledge between Mistra’s various research groups and international research organisations. Oktober: MistraPharma proposes new centre for drugs and the environment MistraPharma has studied how pharmaceutical substances in low doses affect marine and freshwater ecosystems. Mobility the focus of a new Mistra call Transport has a considerable impact on the environment, and in particular on climate. Transformation for a life within planetary boundaries An international conference – ‘Transformations2015’ – was hosted by the Stockholm Resilience Centre in early October November: Forest owners better equipped to respond to climate change Thanks to Mistra-SWECIA, Sweden’s forest owners now have a better understanding of how forestry can be adapted to the effects of a changed climate. New Mistra programme on smart materials Smart materials and their potential to contribute to a better environment are attracting growing interest. December: Mistra researchers contributed to historic climate deal in Paris In December, the world’s leaders negotiated a new global climate agreement in Paris. Another SEK 50 million for Mistra Biotech Mistra Biotech, with its all-round approach to plant breeding and attitudes towards genetically modified crops, has received the go-ahead for a second phase. Avsnitt 3Mistra möter Behov av kunskapsbroar mellan akademi, kommun och näringslivBetydelsefulla nätverk, viktig kunskap och perspektiv på forskning som leder till tillämpning. Här delar tre tidigare Mistraforskare, som idag verkar inom näringsliv och offentlig sektor, med sig av hur deras forskarbakgrund gör nytta utanför akademin. Rajni Hatti-Kaul om engagemang, medvetenhet och akademinProfessor Rajni Hatti-Kaul tänker ständigt på gapet mellan rika och fattiga länder. På hur hon kan bidra till en ökad miljömedvetenhet. Flytten från Indien till Sverige, miljöengagemanget och livet inom akademin har gett henne erfarenheter som hon tänker använda för att skapa mer praktisk förändring. Gensaxen ger nytta för miljö och människa – lagstiftning hindrarGensaxen har fått stor uppmärksamhet sedan årets Nobelpris i kemi offentliggjordes. Inom Mistra Biotech har forskarna använt metoden för att utveckla potatissorter som kräver mindre kemikalie- och energianvändning samtidigt som de får ökad mögelresistens och optimerad stärkelsekvalitet. Men för att nå marknaden och främja ett mer hållbart jordbruk behöver EU:s lagstiftning förtydligas. Banar väg för ett hållbart svenskt livsmedelssystemNu har startskottet för Mistra Food Futures gått. Forskningsprogrammet kommer att arbeta fram mål för vad det svenska livsmedelssystemet behöver uppnå till år 2045 för att vara ekonomiskt-, socialt- och miljömässigt hållbart. Programchef Helena Hansson, professor vid SLU, berättar om internationell inspiration, känslor och engagemang runt mat samt vad hon ser som programmets största utmaning. “Rika människor behöver utveckla en känsla av tillräcklighet”När vi pratar hållbar konsumtion behöver vi också våga prata om minskad konsumtion. Det anser Åsa Callmer, som skrivit sin doktorsavhandling inom forskningsprogrammet The Seed Box. Hon har studerat begreppet tillräcklighet – att känna sig förnöjsam med vad man har och ta steget mot en rättvist fördelad resursanvändning inom de planetära gränserna. Maria Wetterstrand ska ge svenska företag insyn i EU-politikenHon provoceras av resursslöseri. Engageras av positioner där hon kan göra reell skillnad. Och räds inte att pusha företag mot ett mer ambitiöst hållbarhetsarbete. Möt Maria Wetterstrand som med ny bas i Bryssel ska ge svenskt näringsliv större insyn i EU:s miljö- och klimatpolitik. Mistra’s research initiatives Read more about Mistra's research initiatives from the Foundation's inception to the present day. Programmes marked in blue are in progress, while those marked in green have been completed. For every programme, you can find more information below about its content and what happened during the year under review. Misum miusm.jpg – Mistra Center for Sustainable Markets. The aim of “Responsible Consumption and Production” by the year 2030 is among the most challenging of the global Sustainable Development Goals, not least for Sweden with our high, largely import-based consumption. But our composition, with researchers and a variety of stakeholders, is well judged for the purpose of devising practical means to this end. Their solutions will help to bring about a sharing economy, resource efficiency, use of recycled and recovered materials — and sustainable business models that pave the way for business and entrepreneurship. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/misum-the-mistra-centre-for-sustainable-markets/ 2015–2024 SEK 120 million Stockholm School of Economics · Phase 1 of Misum started, with new platforms. Martina Björkman Nyqvist became the Centre’s new director, Viveka Hirdman-Ryrberg its new Board Chair and Maya Rebermark the new Stakeholder Engagement Director. · Misum’s Annual Forum 2020 on the theme of ‘Are inequalities rising and green investments declining due to Covid-19?’ was held. · Misum’s Emma Sjöström participated in a meeting with the Swedish National Innovation Council, where she discussed such matters as how policy can contribute to long-term sustainable financial markets. The Seed Box seed-box.jpg A Mistra–Formas Environmental Humanities Collaboratory In a world where the effects of climate change are increasingly evident, nature can no longer be thought of as separate from culture. We are in a new geological epoch, the Anthropocene, marked by far-reaching human influence on the earth and its geological development. Humanities research, redefined and based firmly in the real world, is called for. It must be capable of encompassing nature and ecological contexts, social differences and ethics, creative relationships and political identity processes. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/the-seed-box-an-environmental-humanities-collaboratory/ 2015–2022 SEK 32 million Linköpings University · In November, ‘Experimental Zone 1’ was held. This was the first in a series of events organised by a group of researchers and artists at Linköping University, designated the Bureau for Alternative Methodologies (BAM),. The event was broadcast in digital form and held with support from The Seed Box and LiU (Linköping University) Humanities. · Several participants in The Seed Box took part in Konstdygnet, a digital event where artists, researchers and philosophers made a joint effort to reflect on the months that changed the world. The 24-hour art event, arranged by Sörmland County Museum, was based on Åsa Elzén’s exhibition Träda — Fogelstadgruppen och jord. · In September, The Seed Box joined in the seminar Vad, vem och varför? Forskning om forskningskommunikation i Sverige (‘What, Who and Why? Research on science communication in Sweden)’. This seminar was held by the Swedish Research Council jointly with Public & Science (VA) and Linköping University. The panellists included The Seed Box Programme Director Victoria Wibeck and Jesper Olsson, former Programme Director and one of the research leaders. Mistra REES REES.jpg – Resource-Efficient and Effective Solutions Mistra REES is seeking to develop principles, methods and guidelines that will serve as a basis for resource-efficient products, services and business models. Another aim is to propose policy instruments and packages that will promote the transition to a more circular economy. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/mistra-resource-efficient-and-effective-solutions-rees-based-on-circular-economy-thinking/ 2015–2023 SEK 89 million Linköpings University · Despite the prevailing COVID-19 pandemic, interest in Mistra REES among companies and the community, and in its sphere of activity, is greater than ever. During the year, we partnered with several of Sweden’s leading companies through our consortium agreement for Phase 2. · Mistra REES actively contributed knowledge to, for example, Sweden’s and the EU’s action plans, as well as international standards for a circular economy. · Mistra REES was placed on IVA’s 100 List of current research projects with the potential to generate benefits. Mistra Environmental Nanosafety nanosafety2.jpg Nanomaterials are being used in more and more areas, and have many properties that could contribute to sustainable development. At the same time, there are significant gaps in our understanding of their environmental characteristics. This programme offers an interdisciplinary research environment that will generate new knowledge, identify new applications and help ensure safe use of nanotechnology. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/mistra-environmental-nanosafety/ 2014–2023 SEK 90 million Lund University · In May, an impact-themed conference was held. It was led by Chalmers University of Technology and implemented in collaboration with SIO Grafen, a national strategic innovation programme supporting industrial graphene development in Sweden. · During the autumn programme meeting, the focus was on junior researchers and students. All the PhD and postdoctoral students gave a presentation and described the methods and analyses they use. The aim was to emphasise the wide-ranging skills available in the programme and to enhance collaboration among the work packages. This was followed up with virtual coffee break — an occasion resembling online speed dating. · Programme participants took part in a national waste conference on research and knowledge about disposal, recovery and destruction of nanomaterials. Several waste companies that will soon be tasked with disposing of nanoparticles in flue gases and leachate participated. Mistra Arctic Sustainable Development nat72466-Arctic-dev-utlysning.jpg Climate change, growing political interest and new technology for extracting natural resources are intensifying conflicts among various stakeholders regarding future directions in the Arctic. Historical development in the region also affects the decisions made. The programme’s research is intended to boost knowledge of the situation in the region and show ways forward that can contribute to sustainable development. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/mistra-arctic-sustainable-development/ 2014–2018 SEK 30 million Umeå University · Avslutad AquaAgri matmc_va10622-Akvakultur.jpg – Efficient, sustainable production systems in aquaculture and agriculture This thematic programme is aimed at learning more about how to achieve higher agricultural yields with reduced environmental impact, and how to develop sustainable fish farming and other aquaculture. Research takes place in several research environments where strategies, technology and ideas for efficient, sustainable cultivation and animal breeding are being developed. The initiative is being implemented jointly with the Swedish Research Council Formas and the Swedish Farmers’ Supply and Crop Marketing Organisation’s research foundation. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/aquaagri-efficient-sustainable-production-systems-in-aquaculture-and-agriculture/ 2014–2018 SEK 32 million Vreta Kluster, a business park for green industry · Avslutad Mistra Innovation innovation.jpg Small and medium-sized companies (SMEs) may have good ideas for environmentally sound products and services, but often lack in-house research resources. The programme gave these companies a chance to develop their innovative ideas in collaboration with higher education institutions and research institutes. Research focused on areas regarded as highly important to the competitiveness of Swedish industry. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/mistra-innovation/ 2012–2019 SEK 88 million Mistra · Avslutad Mistra Closing the Loop CLosing-the-loop.jpg Better use of industrial wastes through effective recovery of materials is one way of ‘closing the loop’ in society. This research programme aims to develop more efficient methods of recovering materials such as metals, chemicals and plastics, as well as electronic and other complex products. It is designing ways of both identifying resources and recycling them back into industry. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/mistra-closing-the-loop/ 2012–2019 SEK 88 million RISE Research Institutes of Sweden · In March, Mistra Closing the Loop held its final seminar. The message was clear: now is the time; the timing is perfect for taking the next step towards an increased use of recovered and recycled materials. There were some 70 attendees, representing stakeholders from the programme, industry and government agencies. · In November, Investor Brief: Recycled Materials for Sustainable Investments was published. Its purpose is, based on research, to boost investors’ collective knowledge of sustainable investments in recycled raw materials. Mistra Biotech BIotech-3_Anna_Lehrman.jpg Future food production must combine higher yields with reduced environmental impact and use of natural resources. The programme takes a holistic approach to biotechnology in agriculture and food production. It covers reducing the need for fertilisers and boosting resistance to diseases, as well as new innovations meeting high demands on safety and ethics. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/mistra-biotech-biotechnology-for-sustainable-and-competitive-agriculture-and-food-systems/ 2012–2019 SEK 94 million Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) · The programme was completed during the year, and results and activities are summarised in Biotechnology for Sustainability, the Final Report from Mistra Biotech 2012‒2020. Mistra EVIEM default.jpg Through systematic reviews of the scientific basis in various areas, the Mistra Council for Evidence-Based Environmental Management (EviEM) improved documentation for decisions in Swedish environmental work. Government agencies or decision-makers and other stakeholders were able to propose topics for the reviews. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/eviem-the-mistra-council-for-evidence-based-environmental-management/ 2012–2017 SEK 66 million Stockholm Environment Institute · Avslutad Mistra Indigo default.jpg Research was combined with policy activities in the programme to support climate policy outside international climate negotiations. The work was divided into four integrated areas focusing on a global trading system for carbon markets, distributional effects of climate policy, interplay between climate policy and incentives for technological development, and companies’ strategic actions based on climate policy. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/mistra-indigo-instrument-design-for-global-climate-mitigation/ 2012–2015 SEK 24,5 million IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute · Avslutad Mistra Future Fashion Future-fashion.jpg The lifecycle of our clothing affects the environment, especially the climate and water. The programme gave the Swedish fashion industry tools to become competitive by turning sustainability into a business advantage. The research was about issues ranging from instruments and strategies for system changes to new design tools, textile fibres with lower environmental impact and new ideas for textile recycling. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/mistra-future-fashion/ 2011–2019 SEK 80 million RISE Research Institutes of Sweden · Avslutad Mistra Arctic Futures default.jpg Global warming is imposing major changes on the Arctic and its population. This brings both threats to and opportunities for animals and the living natural environment, extraction of natural resources, shipping and tourism. The programme was intended to provide a social-science knowledge base and develop tools for dialogue among all the various parties in the face of the new conditions in the Arctic region. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/mistra-arctic-futures/ 2011–2013 SEK 38 million Swedish Polar Research Secretariat · Avslutad Mistra Urban Futures Mistra-Urban-Futures-masma45045.jpg More and more of the world’s inhabitants are living in cities. Urban environments must move towards sustainable development, which requires knowledge of topics ranging from water and energy management to social issues. Within the research centre, researchers and users developed innovative solutions for engineers, architects, community planners and economists in both business and public administration. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/mistra-urban-futures/ 2010–2019 SEK 171 million Chalmers University of Technology · Avslutad Mistra Future Forests Bildarkivet_HPZB_FutureForests.jpg Climate change, globalised trade and growing demand for energy and raw materials are putting heavier pressure on forest resources. The programme developed tools for scientifically substantiated decisions about the future of forest management. The goal was to manage trade-offs between extracting more timber, paper and energy while safeguarding biodiversity, ecosystem services and outdoor life. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/future-forests-sustainable-strategies-under-uncertainty-and-risk/ 2009–2016 SEK 110 million Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) · Avslutad Mistra-SWECIA IMA89099_web_swecia.jpg – Mistra Swedish Research Programme on Climate, Impacts and Adaptation. There is a growing need to adapt society to the effects of climate change on infrastructure, forestry and agriculture, as well as environmental management. Preparedness for extreme events also needs to be reviewed. Key elements of the programme were modelling of the climate, the economy and impacts on ecosystems, which were used in scenarios to demonstrate adaptation needs and choices. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/mistra-swecia-mistra-swedish-research-programme-on-climate-impacts-and-adaptation/ 2008–2016 SEK 85,3 million SMHI · Avslutad Mistra Pharma MATMC_MW00089_medium_Pharma.jpg The programme identified active substances from pharmaceutical products in aquatic environments that pose significant risks to aquatic organisms or contribute to the development of antibiotic resistance. It also demonstrated techniques for improving wastewater treatment and strategies and indicators for early identification of environmentally hazardous drugs. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/mistrapharma/ 2008–2015 SEK 94 million Stockholms University · Avslutad The urban mind default.jpg – Cultural and environmental dynamics Urban development is closely linked to climate change and emerging human systems. The Urban Mind, a research project completed in 2010, offered a historical, humanistic perspective with the goal of creating sustainable urban habitats. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/the-urban-mind/ 2008–2010 SEK 5 million Uppsala University, Sweden · Avslutad Stockholm Resilience Centre Stockholm-Resilience-Centreworld-map-1958129.jpg Human impacts have led to many of the Earth’s ecosystems becoming less able to deliver ecosystem services such as food, water purification and climate regulation. Researchers at the Centre develop understanding of ecosystems, provide new tools for controlling and managing them, and advise decision-makers at national and international levels alike. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/stockholm-resilience-centre/ 2007–2018 SEK 191,4 million Stockholms University · Avslutad ENTWINED IMSIS890-087_low_Entwined.jpg Around the world, countries have been made increasingly interdependent by the international exchange of goods and services, and flows of capital and information. The research focused on how globalisation and leading stakeholders affect society at various levels. The aim was, for example, to develop tools for integrating environmental aspects into international trade agreements. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/entwined-environment-and-trade-in-a-world-of-interdependence/ 2007–2013 SEK 52,4 million IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute · Avslutad E4 Mistra default.jpg The goal of the programme was to develop new, energy-efficient aftertreatment systems for internal combustion engines. It provided engines that were more efficient: in addition to emitting small quantities of nitrogen oxides, CO2 and incompletely burned hydrocarbons, the fuel consumption and costs were lower. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/e4-energy-efficient-reduction-of-exhausts-from-vehicles/ 2006–2014 SEK 42,3 million Volvo Technology · Avslutad SIRP default.jpg – Sustainable Investment Research Platform Through their investments, various actors in financial markets can influence companies to focus on more sustainable development. The programme provides research on corporate reporting, analysts’ valuations and managers’ and investors’ behaviours and portfolio choices based on sustainability criteria. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/sirp-sustainable-investment-research-platform/ 2006–2012 SEK 101 million Umeå University · Avslutad PlantComMistra BA10850_PlantCom.jpg Insecticides are often used in plant farms. The research was intended to find ways to make plants more insect-resistant by combining insect ecology and plant physiology in an interdisciplinary way. The programme goals included developing cultivation methods and studying communication with volatile substances that attract natural enemies of aphids. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/plantcommistra/ 2006–2012 SEK 69 million Stockholms University · Avslutad Mistra DADU default.jpg – Deeper Access, Deeper Understanding The question of what humans are guilty of, and what is natural, is key in the environmental debate. The answer is not least important for us to understand what causes changes in our environment — especially from a strategic perspective. Using a heavily miniaturised underwater vehicle, the ‘Deeper Access, Deeper Understanding’ research programme, which ended in 2010, studied untouched places to get closer to the answers to the question. http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:303210/FULLTEXT01.pdf 2006–2010 SEK 4,5 million Uppsala University · Avslutad Transport Mistra default.jpg The Transport Mistra programme, which ended in 2008, boosted understanding of decision-making and traffic planning and developed practical tools that make the transport system more sustainable. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/transport-mistra/ 2006–2008 SEK 30 million Trivector AB · Avslutad Steel Eco-cycle IMSIS099KF1E_low_Stalkretsloppet.jpg The steel industry must change its production to streamline use of metals and utilise less resources. The research provided better production processes and more efficient use of new types of steel, as well as methods for environmentally evaluating processes and products from steel mills, scrap merchants and the engineering industry. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/steel-eco-cycle/ 2004–2012 SEK 97 million Jernkontoret · Avslutad Clipore default.jpg – Climate Policy Research The threat of climate change is one of the most important and complex challenges facing the world. Clipore supported research and stimulated dialogue, to move international climate negotiations forward. For users, the aim was for the results to largely have direct value for domestic policy makers and their colleagues in other countries. Industry’s role in the programme, in both providing a basis for the research and using the results, was also key. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/clipore-mistras-climate-policy-research-programme/ 2004–2011 SEK 106,9 million IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute · Avslutad MASE default.jpg – Microbial Activity for a Sound Environment Large quantities of chemicals in the form of pesticides and fertilisers are used annually in agriculture, forestry and horticulture. The MASE research programme, which was completed in 2010, developed microorganisms that can similarly provide nutrition or protection. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/mase-microbial-activity-for-a-sound-environment/ 2004-2010 SEK 58 million MASE Laboratorier AB · Avslutad Black Liquor Gasification default.jpg If the black liquor that forms when wood chips are boiled to make pulp were gasified, a quarter of all petrol and diesel used in Sweden could be replaced. The Black Liquor Gasification research programme, which was completed in 2010, succeeded in both developing technical solutions and testing whether the fuel works. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/black-liquor-gasification/ 2004–2010 SEK 43 million BLG-programmet AB · Avslutad DOM default.jpg – Domestication of Microorganisms Microorganisms have proved to have the potential to replace and degrade chemical pesticides. They can also reduce nutrient leaching by absorbing nutrients. The DOM research programme, which was completed in 2011, provided in-depth knowledge of how the process of culturing microorganisms can be streamlined and scaled up from the laboratory setting to large-scale production and practical application. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/dom-domestication-of-microorganisms/ 2003–2011 SEK 61,3 million Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) · Avslutad Greenchem default.jpg – Specialty Chemicals from Renewable Resources Modern industrial society has been increasingly dependent on fossil raw materials to make plastics, detergents, printing inks, paints, adhesives, pharmaceuticals and various hygiene products. Today’s feedstocks are finite and obtaining them is environmentally harmful, so alternatives are needed. The Greenchem research programme, which ended in 2010, initiated a paradigm shift in the chemical industry to switch the basis of its operations from fossil to renewable raw materials. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/greenchem-speciality-chemicals-from-renewable-resources/ 2003-2010 SEK 70 million Lunds University · Avslutad Marine Paint default.jpg – Measures against Fouling on Boats Today, metal compounds and organic biocides are often used to reduce fouling, but with the side effect of damaging many marine organisms. Before its completion in 2010, the Marine Paint research programme developed an ecologically sound alternative that effectively prevents organisms from starting to grow on ships and boats. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/marine-paint/ 2003-2010 SEK 82,4 million University of Gothenburg · Avslutad PERSEA default.jpg – Plasma-Enhanced Reaction Systems for Environmental Applications Combustion of fossil fuels, household waste and biofuels alike causes emissions of hazardous substances. The PERSEA research programme, which was completed in 2010, developed methods that, in efficient and environmentally sound ways, remove several pollutants without causing new harmful substances to form. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/persea-plasma-enhanced-reaction-systems-for-environment-applications/ 2003-2010 SEK 34,7 million Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Sweden · Avslutad Heureka default.jpg – Environmental decision support models for forest land Besides getting timber from forests, people seek to use them for biofuel production, while also for recreation and as a carbon sink, while preserving biodiversity. This creates a complex web where different stakeholders have varying visions of the future of forests. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/heureka-environmental-decision-support-models-for-forest-land/ 2002-2009 SEK 18,8 million Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) · Avslutad HagmarksMISTRA default.jpg Semi-natural grasslands are among the habitats that are richest in species, which makes them important for biodiversity. In Sweden and the rest of the EU, these areas have shrunk since the 1980s, and species diversity has thus also decreased. In its natural science, economics and sociology research, the HagmarksMISTRA programme, which ended in 2008, analysed the regulations, proposed various amendments, investigated the farmers’ livelihoods and carried out large-scale field trials to enhance biodiversity. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/hagmarksmistra-management-of-seminatural-grasslands-economics-and-ecology/ 2001–2008 SEK 47 million Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) · Avslutad Soundscape Support to Health default.jpg Noise, even at low decibels, causes damage to hearing, increases the risk of sleep disturbances and causes premature death to the same extent as road accidents. The ‘Soundscape Support to Health’ research programme, which ended in 2007, developed ‘soundscape thinking’ and a ‘soundscape concept’ that can be used when new residential areas are built, and to improve the noise situation in existing living environments. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/soundscape-support-to-health/ 2000-2007 SEK 40 million Chalmers University of Technology · Avslutad NewS default.jpg – the New Strategy for Risk Management of Chemicals For thousands of the chemical compounds used today, the effects on health and the environment are incompletely known. By bringing together researchers focusing on environmental chemistry and toxicology, as well as legislation and risk management, the NewS programme, which ended in 2009, succeeded in influencing the final version of the European chemicals legislation REACH. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/news-the-new-strategy-for-risk-management-of-chemicals/ 1999–2009 SEK 76,1 million KTH Royal Institute of Technology · Avslutad ASTA default.jpg – International and National Abatement Strategies for Transboundary Air Pollution The purpose of research in the ASTA research programme, which was completed in 2007, was to support work to bring about a decline in pollution in Sweden and abroad. The programme focused on acidification, the impact of nitrogen on forest ecosystems, effects of ground-level ozone on vegetation, and long-range transport of particles. During the programme period, ASTA made important contributions to the development of international air-protection work, for example to the EU clean air strategy. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/international-and-national-abatement-strategies-for-transboundary-air-pollution-asta/ 1999-2007 SEK 59 million IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute · Avslutad LUSTRA default.jpg – Land Use Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions A significant stumbling block in the international negotiations is whether and how soil and vegetation can be used as sinks for greenhouse gases. The LUSTRA research programme, which ended in 2007, reviewed the role of soil and proposed strategies for reducing the net supply of greenhouse gases from woodlands. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/lustra-land-use-strategies-to-reduce-greenhouse-gas-emissions/ 1999-2007 SEK 60 million Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) · Avslutad MARE (Marine Research on Eutrophication) default.jpg – a Scientific Base for Cost-Effective Measures for the Baltic Sea Eutrophication is one of the biggest environmental problems in the Baltic Sea, mainly nitrogen and phosphorus from various sources that affect marine ecosystems. The MARE research programme, which was completed in 2006, linked various types of information on the workings of the sea, and how nitrogen and phosphorus are dispersed and used. The costs of reducing these loads in various ways were also calculated. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/mare-marine-research-on-eutrophication-a-scientific-base-for-cost-effective-measures-for-the-baltic-sea/ 1999–2006 SEK 62,5 million Stockholm University · Avslutad Mountain Mistra default.jpg – Sustainable Management in the Mountain Region Sweden’s mountain region has low biodiversity and is vulnerable to overexploitation. Nevertheless, the mountains are used for a wide range of activities, ranging from reindeer husbandry to mining. The Mountain Mistra research programme, which ended in 2006, worked to create a knowledge base for a common view of resource conservation, and for finding ways of coordinating various interests to generate long-term, sustainable development of the mountain region. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/sustainable-management-in-the-mountain-region-mountain-mistra/ 1998–2006 SEK 84 million Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (Umeå) · Avslutad Urban Water default.jpg – Sustainable Urban Water Management The Urban Water research programme, completed in 2006, developed tools from a system perspective for both analysis and practical use in the water and sanitation (WS) system — its technology, organisation and users. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/sustainable-urban-water-management/ 1998–2006 SEK 62 million Chalmers University of Technology · Avslutad Fuel Cells in a Sustainable Society default.jpg Fuel cells are a very interesting alternative to fossil fuels in vehicles, for example. Mistra’s Fuel Cells in a Sustainable Society programme, which ended in 2010, took several important steps to enable competitive fuel cells to be used in vehicles and other electricity-consuming equipment alike. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/fuel-cells-in-a-sustainable-society/ 1997–2010 SEK 121 million KTH Royal Institute of Technology · Avslutad FOOD 21 default.jpg – Sustainable Food Production The FOOD 21 research programme, completed in 2008, was aimed at showing options and ways forward for Swedish agriculture. It combined stringent requirements concerning environmental impact and animal care with product quality and good profitability for farmers and the food industry. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/sustainable-food-production-food-21/ 1997–2008 SEK 125 million Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) · Avslutad MiMi default.jpg – Mitigating the Environmental Impact of Mining Waste Swedish mines have dumped hundreds of millions of tonnes of rock masses, which leach various heavy metals into soil and water. The MiMi programme, which ended in 2004, contributed to the fact that it is now possible to assess what happens to a landfill over time in a way that was not previously possible. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/mimi-mitigating-the-environmental-impact-of-mining-waste/ 1997–2004 SEK 76 million Luleå University of Technology · Avslutad SUCOZOMA default.jpg – Sustainable Coastal Zone Management Human use of resources in coastal waters is causing problems both in the marine environment and in coastal communities. The SUCOZOMA research programme, which was completed in 2004, contributed to the sustainable use of these resources. This was achieved by developing methods that make it possible to show consideration for both the limits of the ecosystem and the needs of the coastal population. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/sucozoma-sustainable-coastal-zone-management/ 1997-2004 SEK 80 million University of Gothenburg · Avslutad RESE default.jpg – Remote Sensing for the Environment How can we know that the efforts being made to manage environmental problems are having the desired effect? And that it is being done at the lowest possible cost? These were two of the questions addressed by the RESE research programme, which ended in 2002, during its eight-year period. RESE Remote Sensing for the Environment: 1997‒2002 RESE Environmental objectives: 2003‒2005 https://www.mistra.org/en/research/rese-remote-sensing-for-the-environment/ 1997-2005 SEK 85 + 3 million Metria Environmental Analysis, National Land Survey of Sweden · Avslutad COLDREM default.jpg – Soil Remediation in a Cold Climate There used to be a shortage of scientific data on soil remediation in Sweden. The COLDREM research programme, which was completed in 2003, developed new methods and accumulated knowledge in two contaminated areas. In this way, knowledge of soil remediation in Sweden, both within and outside universities, has improved significantly. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/coldrem-soil-remediation-in-a-cold-climate/ 1997–2003 SEK 39 million Umeå University · Avslutad Biosignal default.jpg – Using natural scents to combat insect pests In Sweden alone, insects cause damage totalling several billion kronor a year to harvests, but the chemical agents available for controlling insect pests often have severe effects on the environment and health. Practical application of several research results from the Biosignal research programme, which ended in 2005, has culminated in sustainable, effective and economically rational methods of controlling insect pests. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/biosignal-using-natural-scents-to-combat-insect-pests/ 1996–2005 SEK 68 million Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) · Avslutad VASTRA default.jpg – Water management research programme Groundwater represents a common resource that many people want and need to share. The VASTRA research programme, which was completed in 2005, developed new strategies for sustainable water management. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/vastra-water-management-research-programme/ 1996–2005 SEK 68,5 million University of Gothenburg (2002‒2005) & Linköping University (1996‒2001) · Avslutad SUFOR default.jpg – Sustainable Forestry in Southern Sweden To be sustainable in the long term, forestry must be both financially profitable and safeguard biodiversity. The SUFOR research programme, which ended in 2004, made it easier to strike a balance between the differing requirements by developing models for assessing the impacts of various management options. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/sustainable-forestry-in-southern-sweden-sufor/ 1996–2004 SEK 108 million 1996‒2002: Lund University, 2002‒2004: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) · Avslutad ÅSC default.jpg – Ångström Solar Centre Present-day use of energy is always environmentally harmful to some degree, owing to resource consumption and emissions of greenhouse gases and other substances that cause environmental and health problems. Solar energy is a more environmentally friendly option. The ÅSC research programme, which ended in 2004, was therefore aimed at creating a stable knowledge base to enable Swedish companies to participate, on a broad front, in the industrial exploitation of solar-energy technology. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/asc-angstrom-solar-centre/ 1996-2004 SEK 75 million. Energimyndigheten har finansierat 75 million. Uppsala University · Avslutad MAaF default.jpg – Microbial Antagonism against Fungi Fungus attack causes widespread, expensive damage to cereals, vegetables, fruit, fodder crops, forests and timber every year. The MAaF research programme, which ended in 2003, developed methods to control harmful fungi based on the use of natural enemies. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/maaf-microbial-antagonism-against-fungi/ 1996-2003 SEK 65 million Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) · Avslutad SWECLIM default.jpg – Swedish Regional Climate Modelling The SWECLIM research programme, which ended in 2003, developed regional climate models for Sweden and northern Europe, which means that it is now possible to study climate change at regional level. During the programme period, the Rossby Centre at SMHI was established as a hub of climate-modelling research. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/sweclim/ 1996–2003 SEK 66,7 million The Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) · Avslutad KAM default.jpg – The Ecocyclic Pulp Mill The KAM research programme was completed in 2004. Its overarching objective was to develop solutions that minimised the use of non-renewable resources and made efficient use of the potential of biomass. Several of the solutions developed in the programme are currently used on a large scale by industry both in Sweden and in other countries. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/the-ecocyclic-pulp-mill-kam/ 1996–2003 SEK 90 million Swedish Pulp and Paper Research Institute (STFI) · Avslutad ByggMISTRA default.jpg – Sustainable Building Apartment buildings and other built structures affect their surroundings throughout their long life. The Sustainable Building research programme, completed in 2002, helped to make housebuilding and property management more ecofriendly and reduce energy use in finished properties, including residential buildings. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/sustainable-building-byggmistra/ 1996–2002 SEK 39 million Chalmers University of Technology · Avslutad Ways Ahead default.jpg – Pathways to sustainable development: behaviours, organisations, structures The Ways Ahead programme, which ended in 2001, succeeded in inducing more researchers in human sciences to engage in environmental research. Their participation boosted understanding of, for example, how individuals’ values and behaviours are shaped. https://www.mistra.org/en/research/ways-ahead-paths-to-sustainable-development/ 1996–2001 SEK 22 million Lund University · Avslutad Avsnitt 5Forskarporträtt Hon vill se fler möten kring frågor i Arktis Samtal är ett viktigt verktyg för utvecklingen av Arktis enligt Annika E. Nilsson. https://www.mistra.org/nyhet/forskarportratt-annika-e-nilsson-ser-moten-i-arktis/ AnnikaE_600x600.jpg Erik Andreasson hoppas på förädlad potatis Läs om forskaren som vill att genmodifierade grödor ska få börja säljas för miljöns skull. https://www.mistra.org/nyhet/miljon-ar-den-stora-forloraren-nar-gentekniken-ratas/ Erik-Andersson_600x600.jpg Han pusslar ihop ett klimatneutralt Sverige Vår nya klimatlag ställer krav på omställning av samhället enligt Lars Zetterberg https://www.mistra.org/nyhet/ingenjoren-som-pusslar-samman-ett-klimatneutralt-sverige/ LarsZ_600x600.jpg Neal Haddaway lär ut att undvika misstag Läs mer om forskaren som reser världen runt för att lära ut systematiska utvärderingar. https://www.mistra.org/nyhet/forskarportratt-neal-haddaway-lar-ut-hur-vi-kan-undvika-misstag/ Neal-H_600x600.jpg Hon arbetar för att ge våra textiler nytt liv Åsa Östlund vill ändra på att merparten av de kläder vi köper hamnar i soporna. https://www.mistra.org/nyhet/forskarportratt-asa-ostlund-ger-textiler-nytt-liv/ ÅsaÖ_600x600.jpg Malin Mobjörk visar hur olika hot hänger ihop Läs om forskaren som ser på säkerhetsrisker i spåren av ett ändrat klimat. https://www.mistra.org/nyhet/malin-mobjork-vill-visa-hur-olika-hot-hanger-ihop/ MalinM1_600x600.jpg Avsnitt 7Five questions to Lena Treschow Torell, who will shortly be stepping down as Chair of the Mistra Board How does it feel to be handing over as Chair of Mistra after six years?I was in fact active on the Board back in 1994, when I served a term as a member, so I’ve been involved much longer than that – from the very beginning. I’ve sat on lots of different boards, in both industry and the academic world, but Mistra has been by far one of the most interesting ones. At the moment, I’m a member of the boards of Investor, SKF and SAAB, and also chair of Chalmers University of Technology, so I’ve plenty to do. But I’ll miss the amazingly wide range of people here, with their cutting-edge expertise from very different sectors. Also, because Mistra’s mission is so broad and requires collaboration between academia, industry and policymakers, everyone on the Board makes an effort and no one is able to dominate. So there’s been a lot of humility, and our meetings have been very rewarding. With the benefit of your long experience, how would you say views of environmental issues and research in that field have changed over the years?To begin with it was uphill work. Large-scale interdisciplinary programmes were a novelty at that time, and there was still something of an ‘alternative’, brown-rice-and-sandals feel to environmental concern. It wasn’t something company boards talked about. In politics there’s always been a lot of support for safeguarding the environment, but getting industry and institutes of technology on board was a challenge. The big corporations, though, saw the potential early on, and these days environmental thinking is an integral part of most Swedish companies’ business models. That’s an amazing development. I know from my own earlier research at Chalmers, on lithium batteries, that at the time there was no way Volvo would put anything like that in their cars. Today we can see how fast things are moving in that field. Initially, the emphasis at Mistra was on research programmes in the natural sciences and engineering. But now we already have good technical solutions to a host of environmental problems. Further progress is more a matter of passing new laws, changing people’s behaviour, and getting large-scale industry onside so as to achieve bigger volumes for smart innovations. That’s why, in recent years, we’ve turned our attention increasingly to the social sciences. The financial sector, for instance, has had its eyes opened to the environment and sustainability, thanks to our new programmes at the Stockholm School of Economics. The next step was involving humanities researchers in The Seed Box, led from Linköping University. So now our programmes really do cover the whole research spectrum. What would you say is Mistra’s proudest achievement during your years with the Foundation – a period that has seen over SEK 1 billion invested in different initiatives?I don’t think I’d want to focus on one thing in particular – we’ve done so much. But if, instead, I were to single out an unexpected success, it would be our investment in antifouling paints for boats. It all started over ten years ago, when a few scientists had quite a wild idea about how to prevent barnacles attaching to boat hulls. Now, after many years’ work, some of it as part of a research programme funded by us, a non-toxic paint has been developed and patented around the world. I also have a soft spot for the Mistra Innovation programme, which gives small businesses the chance to link up with universities and research institutes. This enables them to develop their ideas in a way they couldn’t do otherwise, and to come up with new, smart innovations. Having sat on many boards, I’ve seen that companies are keen to recruit graduates from the Stockholm School of Economics (SSE). At the same time, I’ve been concerned about how little attention SSE has paid to the environment. So it’s both pleasing and incredibly important that, with Mistra’s support, the School is now investing heavily in sustainable development, in both its research and its education. Today’s SSE students are trained to think in environmental terms – which will help industry to develop new, sustainable business models. Environmental issues are constantly evolving, as are research policy and the needs of society. How should Mistra keep up and continue to contribute in the years ahead?I’m confident that we are efficient and quick off the mark when it comes to identifying the right fields of research. The approach Mistra has chosen is to use outside experts to assess the potential for new initiatives in interesting areas, while maintaining a small secretariat with the skills needed to set up research programmes capable of breaking new ground. That allows us to be dynamic and work on a very broad front. I’m also confident that we’re able to deliver. A few years ago we carried out a major evaluation of the impacts of our more than 30 research programmes, and recently a panel of experts reviewed our climate initiatives. Both delivered a favourable verdict, concluding that our research had produced benefits – new solutions that are helping to solve a variety of environmental problems. The message was that Mistra’s long-term programmes, with early involvement of stakeholders, are the right way to bring about the type of research that can change processes in society and make it more sustainable. One thing I wish I had done, and which I’d encourage my successor to do, is evaluate the academic impacts of our work. What, for instance, are the benefits to researchers of taking a PhD and pursuing a career within a Mistra programme? That’s something I’d like to know more about. Of all the work now being done, what else will you be following with interest when you leave the Board this summer?With my own background in nanotechnology research, I find the programmes on nanotechnology and smart materials particularly exciting – I feel there’s great potential there. It will also be interesting to see what comes of the green humanities programme in Linköping. This is a bold initiative, establishing a new field of research that will look at how people respond to societal change, and how we can find common approaches that will help us move towards a more sustainable society. So my message to the Board is: good luck, and here’s to more of the same when it comes to breaking new ground! Avsnitt 7 del2Why sustainable investment? Klas Eklund, sustainability economist with the bank SEB and a member of Mistra’s Board and Committee for Asset Management. Money has more to do with sustainability than you might think. First of all, you need huge financial resources to be able to invest in sustainable technology and energy systems. Second, it’s good to put a price on the environment, assign a monetary value to it, because that puts pressure on companies and the financial sector to make the right investments and think about the environment.
     The financial sector is extremely important, because it channels the capital needed for investment. It’s the financial sector that gives credit ratings and determines market values. All these things are signals that influence companies’ investments. If we want to see greener investment, that has to be reflected in prices, in credit ratings and on stock markets – which is where the financial sector comes in.
     The financial sector has become much more interested in sustainability in recent years. That is partly because the environmental impacts of warming, for instance, are clearer, but also because so much has happened at a political level. There’s the Paris Conference, the G7 – the leading industrial nations – who have said that, in time, fossil fuels need to be phased out. And then there are Sweden’s own environmental objectives. All these things show that this is serious, so the financial sector has to take the environment into account.
     Certainly the financial sector could be more active, and that’s starting to happen, in various ways. Banks, for example, are looking more at the environment when approving loans, they are developing sustainable products such as green bonds, funds are becoming more transparent about their environmental footprint, and so on. Things are moving fast in all these areas, so in future the financial sector will I think be a driver of progress on climate and the environment.
     There are several things Mistra can do. First, the Foundation supports research on sustainability. Second, we want our own asset management to be sustainable. That’s to say, we want to invest in green businesses and set an example, showing others what sustainable asset management can mean.
     Mistra’s own asset management has I believe long served as an example. And the funding for major research programmes in green finance, at the Stockholm School of Economics, will I hope bring major breakthroughs in research and education, which will in turn influence tomorrow’s decision-makers.
     Misum is one of these research programmes at the Stockholm School of Economics, set up with major funding from Mistra. The aims are to do research on the sustainability of financial systems, and to provide education, so that future business leaders, CFOs or whatever are able to take environmental impacts into account from the start in their companies.
     As for managing Mistra’s assets in years to come, we need to be even better at going through every part of our portfolio, asking questions like: What’s the significance of the company we own there? What do they do? How can we be sure they’re doing the right thing in terms of long-term sustainability? And how can we step up the pressure on the people managing our money, so they in turn do the same homework on the companies they invest in? So we intend both to develop our own skills and to put more pressure on the people managing our capital.
Avsnitt 8We who work at Mistra Åke IverfeldtÅke-Iverfeldt-1-16-Foto-Anette-Andersson.pngExecutive Directorake.iverfeldt(at)mistra.orgPhone: +46 8 791 10 24Mobile: +46 70 732 03 17 Johan EdmanJohan-Edman-16.pngProgramme Directorjohan.edman(at)mistra.orgPhone: +46 8 791 10 28Mobile: +46 70 732 40 73 Birgitta Jonsson PalmgrenBirgitta-Jonsson-Palmgren-16.pngChief Financial Officerbirgitta.jonssonpalmgren(at)mistra.orgPhone: +46 8 791 34 80 80Mobile: +46 70 344 54 66 Christopher Folkeson WelchChris-Folkeson-Welch-16.pngProgramme Directorchris.welch(at)mistra.orgPhone: +46 8 791 10 26Mobile: +46 70 732 30 74 Malin LindgrenMalin-Lindgren-16.pngCommunication Managermalin.lindgren(at)mistra.orgPhone: +46 8 791 10 27Mobile: +46 76 112 37 00 Thomas NilssonThomas-Nilsson-16.pngProgramme Directorthomas.nilsson(at)mistra.orgPhone: +46 8 791 10 22Mobile: +46 70 629 88 12 Linnea KassmoLinnea-Kassmo-16.pngOffice coordinatorlinnea.kassmo(at)mistra.orgPhone: +46 8 791 10 23Mobile: +46 70 659 09 60 Josefin LönbergJosefin-Lönberg-16.pngEconomyjosefin.lonberg(at)mistra.orgTel: +46 8 791 10 25Mobile: +46 70 732 25 92